As the name suggests, home purchase loan is taken for purchasing a ready to move-in or a under construction house by mortgaging the same to the bank. It can also be taken for construction of a house over a piece of land.
The amount of loan is decided by bank on the basis of income of the customer and the purchase value as well as market value of the property. The property to be purchased should legally and technically be acceptable for the purpose of creating mortgage.
How much can I get?
The deciding factors in a home purchase loan are Loan to Value (LTV) ratio and income eligibility.
LTV ratio (expressed in percentage) is the ratio of the required loan amount to the market value of the property being purchased. RBI & NHB has put restrictions on the maximum LTV permissible for lending depending on the loan value. The LTV ranges from 75% to 90% depending on the loan amount.
Income Eligibility is the other important factor to decide how much loan can be extended to a potential borrower on the basis of his/ her income. You can use our eligibility calculator to assess your income eligibility.
What should I know about Interest Rates?
The interest rate on the home loans is floating also termed as variable. The loan gets linked to the MCLR (Marginal cost lending rate) of a bank OR PLR/ Floating reference rate (FRR) of a HFC (Housing Finance company).
The margin fixed at the time of loan disbursement remains constant through out the loan term, hence the rate fluctuates with the change in MCLR or FRR as declared from time to time.
How do I pay back the loan?
The loan gets paid through regular monthly payments termed as EMI (Equated monthly installment). As the word equated suggests the payment remains equal for the entire term of the loan. EMI comprises of the interest payment and the principal payment. Depending on the loan tenure opted; the component of Interest keeps changing.
You can use our EMI calculator to calculate the EMI for any loan amount for a particular tenure on a given rate of interest.
The loan tenure for a home loan can be up to 25 years, depending on the age of the applicant.
The more the tenure of the loan, the higher is the component of Interest in each EMI. You can use our Amortization calculator to understand it better.
Can I have co-owners in the property?
Yes, you can have multiple owners in the property and hence multiple borrowers on the loan. It’s mandatory to have all property owners as co-borrowers on the loan.
Co-applicants are added on the loan either to increase the income eligibility or because of co-ownership in the property being purchased.
However, banks permit only close family relatives to be co-applicants on loan hence co-borrowers on the property.
Can I pre-pay or foreclose my loan?
Yes, the banks allow you to part pre-pay or fore close the loan at any stage of the loan.
As per RBI & NHB directive, no bank or housing finance company is allowed to charge any penalty on the part pre-payment or foreclosure of the loan if the loan is on a variable/ floating rate of interest.
When you part-prepay a loan, you can opt to either reduce the balance tenure of the loan or reduce the monthly EMI you pay.
Do I pay any charges while availing a loan?
All banks charge a fee from a borrower to process the loan application. The fee is termed as processing fees or administration charges.
For a salaried borrower, most banks charge a flat fees of INR 10000/- + GST irrespective of the loan amount. For a Self employed borrower the fees can be as high as 0.5% of the loan amount.
We help you negotiate best terms with the lender; hence we refund part or full fees to our borrowers making it a free processed loan for them.
What is the break up of Interest & Principal payment in each EMI?
Each EMI you pay for the repayment of the loan comprises of two components – Principal & Interest. The break up of these two components in each EMI depends on the loan tenure. The lower the loan tenure, higher is the principal payment in each EMI.
The break up can be best understood by making an amortization schedule of the loan.
Amortization refers to spreading payments over multiple periods. It is the paying off a loan with a fixed repayment schedule in regular installments over a period of time.
You can download the amortization schedule of any loan by using the amortization schedule calculator